Dita Von Teese’s Opium Den: Consuming Problematic Media

Dita Von Teese’s Opium Den: Consuming Problematic Media

My partner recently surprised me with tickets to see Dita Von Teese’s Burlesque: Strip, Strip, Hooray!, purported to be a revue of high production-value, best-of-the-best burlesque performed by Dita and a cast of striptease superstars. Though I’d never seen Dita in person before, many of the supporting cast were performers I had seen in the

My partner recently surprised me with tickets to see Dita Von Teese’s Burlesque: Strip, Strip, Hooray!, purported to be a revue of high production-value, best-of-the-best burlesque performed by Dita and a cast of striptease superstars. Though I’d never seen Dita in person before, many of the supporting cast were performers I had seen in the past (and some I’d even performed with), and I could confirm that the show would be epic. As a burlesque performer myself, the chance to see so many talented artists in one night was just as exciting for its educational value as for its entertainment.

I also knew that Dita would be performing her much-contested “Opium Den” act, which had been widely criticized for being culturally appropriative yellowface. I approached the show with an open mind, eager to see for myself what the so-called Queen of Burlesque was like in the flesh.

Dita’s casting choices were thoughtful and inclusive, with talented performers ranging in race, gender, age, and body type. The emcee, drag king Murray Hill, fanned the sexual energy of the crowd by encouraging couples to smooch (first a straight couple, then two lesbians, then two gay men) while the rest of the audience cheered them on. Later, he playfully teased a white male audience member about being a bank manager and for generally being privileged. There were many popped pasties and jokes demanding freedom for female nipples, and the vibe was lighthearted and fun.

Dita Von Teese performing her Opium Den show during Burlesque: Strip, Strip, Hooray!

Dita Von Teese performing as a “dragon lady” in her Opium Den show during Burlesque: Strip, Strip, Hooray!

Up until the last act of the night, the show felt like a big love fest. The audience loved the performers, the performers loved the audience right back, and everyone was feeling sexy. But then came the Opium Den, crashing like a soggy burlap potato sack on the energy of the room.

A white dragon blazed on the closed velvet curtains that opened to reveal an elaborate set, half pagoda, half settee, surrounded by red lanterns. Dita, tightly corseted in a kimono-sleeved, Mandarin-collared ensemble complete with a headdress full of cherry blossoms and red knotted tassels, smoked an opium pipe as she sat among the silken cushions. The act finished with Dita mostly naked and miming sexual climax while being stroked by two sets of disembodied gloved arms.

The music was a mash up of vaguely “Asianized” covers of “Lullaby” by The Cure and “Young Folks” by Peter, Bjorn, and John.  This treatment reduced the songs to what’s known as the “Far East Proto Cliché,” a nine-note musical phrase that’s been used to denote things that are deemed “Asian” for Western audiences since the 19th Century. (You can hear it in pop songs like “Kung Fu Fighting” by Carl Douglas or “Turning Japanese” by The Vapors.) NPR’s Kat Chow writes that the riff is, “a shorthand way of saying, ‘This is Chinese; this is Asian,’” and that it reinforces the viewpoint that “people of Asian descent are intrinsically foreign” and of one singular culture.

Dita’s stereotypical dragon lady followed this line of thinking. During and after the act, the crowd was noticeably quiet as we awkwardly looked around at each other, wondering how to respond.

I’m not here to talk about what people should or shouldn’t be offended by. Whatever the truth of your personal experience is, when you’re affected by something, you feel it in your body. Sitting in the audience watching this pan-Asian caricature, I, Privileged White Lady, felt pretty sick. It was like burlesque, our precious, feminist art form, had been turned into a cultural garbage disposal, gobbling down complex histories and identities and then pooping them out as two-dimensional and white. It was like watching a racist cartoon from the WWII era, exactly the type of vintage artifact that progressive art forms like burlesque should be rewriting, not rehashing.

TL;DR: it ruined what was otherwise a great show.

As audience members, we don’t have much control over where or how problems like this manifest, and yet we become complicit just by witnessing them. In a world littered with problematic media, how do we deal with this?

For one, we could disengage. Writing off Dita’s whole show would be one way to avoid interacting with the problematic parts of it, but then what else would we miss? (And how bad would our FOMO be?) Dita’s showcase included some of the greatest burlesque entertainers in the world (like Perle Noire, who I could seriously watch FOREVER). Is it worth limiting our options, and, in doing so, missing out on things we love?  

Here’s the thing. It can be okay to find pleasure in media that’s problematic or to enjoy aspects of that media that aren’t racist/sexist/colonialist/ablest/etc. But to do this responsibly, we have to be aware, critical, and outspoken when things aren’t right. Otherwise, things will never change.

By thinking critically about and discussing why something is problematic, it is possible to consume problematic media in a responsible way. Everyday Feminism is a good resource for tips and questions that can help get the ball rolling. For starters, consider what is (or isn’t) being represented and how that fits into larger problematic norms. How does that reinforce oppression? We can also stop making excuses for things, advocate for better representation, and know where to draw the line when the damage caused by something outweighs any other redeeming qualities. As creators, we can make better choices about the messages we send. As consumers, we can call bullshit when we see it.

Why is this important? Here’s an excerpt from a post on problematic media from the Lady Geek Girl blog:

recent study from the University of Michigan showed that women who watched romantic comedies that featured men pursuing women persistently and despite rejection—in a light that celebrated that behavior—were more likely to find stalking behaviors unthreatening in real life. I bring this up to underscore the fact that media has a real power over our reactions when we’re not thinking critically about it. 

The damage this causes is real for everyone it touches.

In America at least, Dita is the de facto face of modern burlesque. Rebellion, sexual empowerment, vintage glamour, and femininity are all rolled up in that, and audiences that come to see her are looking for inspiration to drum up their own rebellions, however personal or private they might be (a hair flower here, a red lip there). Let’s hope that the ripples of the Opium Den include more conversations and advocacy, instead of more problems.

[Note: This article was revised on 5.17.16 to include revisions made by the author.]

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  • Anonymous
    December 3, 2017, 4:32 am

    4

    REPLY
  • Private Tails
    May 17, 2016, 9:34 pm

    I’m an 11 year Burlesque Veteran. I have done all sorts of performances with a variety of themes and cultures. I know that I am very strongly opinionated and with that in mind–I do NOT condone this behavior in any regard. I’m in Washington, DC. Everything is political and PC-minded–and those who aren’t/don’t are pushed out/away.

    I do not accept Dita’s or anyone else’s defense. There are too many alternate themes that can create a beautiful act. Steer clear of anything that is “potentially” problematic, and maybe even serve as a MENTOR to someone else so the act gets made. But you yourself do not need to star in the act as a person of a race that does not fall in line with the theme.

    I appreciate everyone’s point of view, but no. This is beyond problematic. It’s offensive. And YES. Marlon Brando, Yule Brenner, and other actors SHOULD NOT be cast in those roles. But we are talking about THEN vs NOW. We know SO MUCH MORE now, so we can’t use ignorance as an excuse.

    There is far more access to information now thanks to the internet. But Yule and Marlon weren’t able to post something on the internet to get a reply. Dita is. And she is using her privilege to glorify something that was far from glorious.

    Cultural Appropriation is a real issue right now. There is no excuse for disrespecting each other when you can do better. Katy Perry did it. Beyonce did it. It’s not just Dita. But as far as Burlesque is concerned–she’s making us all look bad.

    Just find a way to do YET ANOTHER Balloon pop act. That’s about as American as they come. But make it your own. Do a fan dance that doesn’t bore the snot out of everyone. That would be far more interesting and less offensive. Try a traditional bump and grind but to a non-traditional song. Try non-traditional choreography, or a non-traditional costume. Hell–hire Boy-lesquers (or Man-Thers) to hold you while you do it, but GOODNESS–STOP this madness!

    YOU CAN DO BETTER IF YOU WANT TO.

    REPLY
  • Glenn Asakawa
    May 17, 2016, 11:43 am

    Everyone is entitled to their own opinions and mine, as an Asian, is that Dita’s Opium Den performance is amazing and should be appreciated for what it is, entertainment. Turning Opium Den into a self-serving, restricting, ignorant and ill conceived debate serves only to suppress the creative process in entertainment of all types. Following Amanda’s logic, Marlon Brando should never have been cast as the Godfather, Yule Brenner never should have been the King of Siam, Opera performers should never be cast as characters unless they are of that characters ethnic background, belly dancers who are not Persian should be band. Dita’s Opium Den performance is entertainment, excellent entertainment to be sure, no more, no less. So sit back and just enjoy it and quit trying to turn it into some kind of personal crusade.

    REPLY
    • Claire Napier@Glenn Asakawa
      May 18, 2016, 10:15 am

      Was Marlon Brando playing an Asian role in The Godfather?

      REPLY
    • Jo Jo@Glenn Asakawa
      May 18, 2016, 2:20 pm

      My career and my artform is not a personal crusade. It is my blood. It is my sweet. It is my tears. It is mine. I can discuss it. I can disagree. Also, if you use the “just entertainment” defense, you must appreciate that very horrible things are considered “just entertainment” dependant on who is telling the story. Dog fighting: just entertainment. Hangings: just entertainment. Blackface: just entertainment. Society changes. This is a time in which the boundaries are shifting and changing. This discussion is important. I agree we all have our own particular lines of “what’s going to far” in regards to appropriation vs appreciation. What we view with our eyeballs and earholes in media effects us. I feel the “it’s just entertainment” is a poor defense. You might get farther in this discussion if you can defend yourself better than “just sit back”. That’s frankly rather rude to an artform you clearly dearly love.

      REPLY
  • Jo Jo
    May 16, 2016, 7:33 pm

    Kudos, Amanda. It’s a brilliantly diverse show that ends on a sour note. I stand by the many Asian performers who feel that being categorized and poorly represented as “oriental” is degrading and demeaning.

    It’s art. I find it offensive. Others may not. I feel that was the point of this article. To allow critical discussion of media in a blog dedicated to it. Art dies without discussion. I look forward to more and more beautiful acts created by Asian performers representing their own heritage and not a whitewashed grab bag of “oriental”. But, that’s my taste. To each their own.

    REPLY
  • Josephine
    May 16, 2016, 3:24 pm

    I call major bullshit. MAJOR. I went to the same show. I was in total disbelief at how beautiful it was. The entire audience was beaming as much as I was. Guess what? I am Asian. It actually filled me with joy to see such a beautiful representation of an idea of what oriental is or what it was seen as. I guess we must have seen two different shows? ????

    REPLY
    • Diamond@Josephine
      May 17, 2016, 2:42 pm

      You are absolutely entitled to your opinion – but please don’t assume that the entire audience felt the same say, or that other Asian people feel the same way. I know for a fact that a significant number of people find the act problematic and offensive. You don’t – that’s fine. This piece is about having dialogue around problematic things.

      REPLY
    • Sebi@Josephine
      May 17, 2016, 4:02 pm

      What in all good glory is great about glamorizing a drug epidemic that no doubt ruined many a life?
      In any ethnic garb.

      REPLY
    • Private Tails@Josephine
      May 17, 2016, 9:18 pm

      Dude. “Oriental” is an offensive term. I call BULLSHIT on your acceptance of your Asian culture. It’s like a light skinned black woman calling herself black when around POC, or to make a point around non POCs, but when she signs up for a dating site she uses the term “Mixed race” or “White”.

      GTFO.

      #ByeDita.

      REPLY
      • Private Tails@Private Tails
        May 17, 2016, 9:19 pm

        ps–I’m Very Black. I can’t pass for anything else. And my second family is Korean. I am offended for myself and for them.

        REPLY

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